Related: Twitter reacts to American Football star’s rugby claimThings will be very different today, but some fans may remember the cross-code challenges between Bath and Wigan back in 1996. Then, there were two matches – a league game and a union one.Code cracking: Jon Sleightholme breaks away from Jason Robinson (Getty Images)Former Bath and England wing Jon Sleightholme recently told Rugby World of those match-ups: “The hardest thing was the defensive aspect (Bath lost 82-6). Union has learnt so much from league and it has had a huge impact. We couldn’t get to grips with the defensive stuff. We were all absolutely blowing because it was so different and if you speak to the league boys they will say the same about the game at Twickenham (Bath won 44-19).”If a southern hemisphere clash can get off the ground, it would draw significant international attention. LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS Can’t get to the shops? You can download the digital edition of Rugby World straight to your tablet or subscribe to the print edition to get the magazine delivered to your door.Follow Rugby World on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. Fired up: The Kangaroos in action last year (Getty Images) New Zealand confirm discussions with Australia rugby league are underway The All Blacks facing off against rugby league’s famous Kangaroos of Australia, in an epic code clash? It may sound fanciful but it was confirmed today: talks are underway between both sides.It began with a report in Australia’s Courier Mail on Thursday that claimed a 14-a-side hybrid union-league contest between the All Blacks and Kangaroos was being lined up for early December. Later, New Zealand Rugby boss Mark Robinson explained that negotiations have been underway to explore a potentially lucrative event.“We’ve had an approach,” Robinson confirmed of the story. “We’ll work that through and go through the proper process… if we feel it has merit to take further.“It’s one of the many different options… we are considering.“It’s not new. The last time NZR had an approach was in 2017.”Considering it: The All Blacks may be open to the money-spinner (Getty Images)In the initial report, Kangaroos boss Mal Meninga said: “I’m keen to make this happen. We want to play the All Blacks, hopefully, we can get the concept off the ground,” adding that 5 December was the date being thrown around.
Theological Education Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR Submit an Event Listing Posted Aug 27, 2014 Rector Martinsville, VA Rector Belleville, IL An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Featured Jobs & Calls Submit a Job Listing Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Course Director Jerusalem, Israel Director of Music Morristown, NJ Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET EDS names Battle as interim dean of students and community life An Evening with Aliya Cycon Playing the Oud: Crossing continents and cultures with the most beautiful instrument you’ve never heard Lancaster, PA (and streaming online) July 3 Rector Knoxville, TN Rector Shreveport, LA Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Tags New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Rector Bath, NC Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET Press Release Service TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Rector Smithfield, NC Submit a Press Release Cathedral Dean Boise, ID Associate Rector Columbus, GA Curate Diocese of Nebraska Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Rector Albany, NY Rector Hopkinsville, KY The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Featured Events Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Rector Tampa, FL Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Rector Washington, DC Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Rector Collierville, TN Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA People, Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS Episcopal Church releases new prayer book translations into Spanish and French, solicits feedback Episcopal Church Office of Public Affairs Youth Minister Lorton, VA In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 [Episcopal Divinity School press release] Episcopal Divinity School has announced the appointment of The Rev. Michael Battle, Ph.D., as Interim Dean of Students and Community Life for the 2014-15 academic year. Dr. Battle will begin working at EDS on Monday, August 25th, and will reside on the EDS campus in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Dr. Battle is an accomplished theologian and a respected pastoral leader whose ministry has spanned the globe. A graduate of Duke University (B.A. and Ph.D.), Princeton Theological Seminary (M.Div.), and Yale University (S.T.M.), he was ordained a priest in South Africa by Archbishop Desmond Tutu in 1993. His ministry focuses on Christian non-violence, human spirituality, and Black church studies. He is the author of several books, including Reconciliation: The Ubuntu Theology of Desmond Tutu and Blessed are the Peacemakers: A Christian Spirituality of Non-violence.Dr. Battle is founder of the PeaceBattle Institute and has served as Rector and Canon Theologian in the Episcopal Diocese of Los Angeles. Previously, he served as Provost of the Cathedral Center, Vice President, Associate Dean of Academic Studies and Associate Professor of Theology at Virginia Theological Seminary in Alexandria, Virginia.He has also served as Chaplain to the Episcopal House of Bishops, as a member of the Theology Committee of the Episcopal Church, as Spiritual Director of CREDO, Wellness Conference of the Episcopal Church, and on several boards, including EDS alumna Mpho Tutu’s Institute for Prayer and Pilgrimage.Most recently, Dr. Battle served as Vicar of St. Titus Episcopal Church in Durham, North Carolina. His website is michaelbattle.com.About Episcopal Divinity SchoolEpiscopal Divinity School (EDS) is a progressive center for study and spiritual formation for lay and ordained leaders. Committed to a mission of social justice and inclusive education and grounded in the Anglican tradition, EDS awards Masters degrees in Divinity and Theological Studies, Doctoral degrees in Ministry, and Certificates in Anglican Formation; Justice, Reconciliation, and Mission; and Christian Spiritualities for the Contemporary World.EDS is a member of the Boston Theological Institute, a consortium of 10 eminent theological schools, seminaries, and departments of religion in the Boston area.A seminary for the Episcopal Church, Episcopal Divinity School is grounded in the Anglican tradition and committed to growing in relationship with other Christian and faith traditions. Episcopal Divinity School is an academic community of biblical, historical, and theological inquiry that respects students as responsible learners with valuable experience, supports spiritual and ministerial formation, and provides tools for the life-long work of social and personal transformation. To learn more about EDS, visit www.eds.edu. Rector Pittsburgh, PA This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI
ABC NewsBy MAX GOLEMBO and EMILY SHAPIRO, ABC News(NEW YORK) — Hurricane Delta is rapidly strengthening as it heads to Cancun, Mexico, before taking aim at Louisiana.Delta, currently a Category 2 storm, is expected to become a major hurricane — Category 3 or higher — later on Tuesday.Delta is forecast to be a Category 4 hurricane by the time it slams into Cancun Tuesday night into early Wednesday morning.Delta will not lose much strength after making landfall in Mexico. The hurricane is forecast to re-strengthen to a Category 4 hurricane in the middle of the Gulf of Mexico on Thursday afternoon.It is not yet clear how much Delta will weaken before it hits the Louisiana coast on Friday night.The National Hurricane Center is forecasting Delta to be a Category 2 or higher hurricane when it makes landfall in Louisiana.Delta is expected to bring damaging winds to the Gulf Coast. Flooding rain — as high as 6 to 12 inches — could hit parts of Louisiana and Mississippi.Delta is the ninth hurricane in the Atlantic so far this season. In only three other years in recorded history — 1995, 2004 and 2005 — have we had this many hurricanes this early in the season.If Delta makes landfall in the U.S., it would be the 10th named storm to make landfall in one season, which has never happened before in recorded history.Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.
BP rejects ‘greenwashing’ claim, says it is ‘committed’ to a low-carbon futureClientEarth cites BP’s latest financial data in the complaint, in which the company projects annual capital expenditure of $15bn to $17bn – of which $500m is earmarked for low-carbon investments, around 4% of the total.The lawyers argue that because the remaining 96% of BP’s annual budget is designated for its core oil and gas business, promoting its green credentials across multimedia platforms is not in line with OECD guidelines governing fair representation.They also argue specifically with BP’s claim that natural gas will be an integral part of future energy security, given the availability and development of other renewable sources that do not cause carbon dioxide emissions.A BP spokesperson said: “We have not seen this complaint, but we strongly reject the suggestion that our advertising is misleading.“We have clearly said that the world is on an unsustainable path and must do more to reduce emissions, and we support a rapid transition of the world’s energy system.“BP is, of course, well-known as a major oil and gas producer. We are also committed to advancing a low-carbon future.“One of the purposes of this advertising campaign is to let people know about some of the possibilities we see to do that — for example in wind, solar and electric vehicle charging, as well as in natural gas and advanced fuels.”The oil major’s boss Bob Dudley — who will be replaced by Bernard Looney in February — recently bemoaned the opposition of environmentalist groups to natural gas as a “transition fuel” in the move towards a low-carbon future, saying that to exclude natural gas from the energy mix would be a “huge and unnecessary risk”. Lawyers want climate warnings on future fossil fuel advertsClientEarth also identifies similar high-profile advertising campaigns from oil majors ExxonMobil and Royal Dutch Shell — and hopes a favourable ruling against BP will trigger a change in the way fossil fuel producers can present themselves.This includes mandatory climate warnings on future adverts, similar to the health warnings which now accompany all tobacco products.Marjanac added: “In the past, tobacco companies were able to mislead the public about the safety of their products.“We see real parallels with fossil fuel companies and the tobacco industry, which knew about the risks its products posed but used misleading marketing campaigns to sell them regardless.”BP has faced a backlash from environmental campaigners in recent months over its sponsorship of various cultural initiatives and organisations — including museums and academic institutions.In October, the Royal Shakespeare Company pulled the plug on a long-standing partnership with the oil firm over the “strength of feeling” from its members against its association with the fossil fuel industry. BP has ended its membership with three US trade associations over climate differences (Credit: Mike Mozart/Flickr) Lawyers in the UK have filed a complaint against BP over claims of “greenwashing” in its most recent advertising campaign.Environment-focused legal charity ClientEarth claims the UK oil giant is “misleading” customers over its focus on climate change and low-carbon energy in the multimillion-pound Keep Advancing and Possibilities Everywhere marketing drive.The series of adverts, which launched in early 2019, have appeared across television, newspapers and billboards in the UK, US and Europe — as well as online.Lawyers contend that BP’s adverts create a false impression about the extent to which the company’s business strategy and investments are focused on low-carbon and renewable energy commitments.An official complaints procedure has been triggered with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), in which ClientEarth has also called for “tobacco-style” health warnings about environmental dangers on all future fossil fuel advertising.ClientEarth climate lawyer Sophie Marjanac said: “BP is spending millions on an advertising campaign to give the impression that it’s racing to renewables, that its gas is cleaner, and that it is part of the climate solution.“This is a smokescreen. While BP’s advertising focuses on clean energy, in reality, more than 96% of the company’s annual capital expenditure is on oil and gas.“According to its own figures, BP is spending less than £4 in every hundred on low-carbon investments each year. The rest is fuelling the climate crisis.” Environmental legal charity ClientEarth claims BP has misled customers through ‘greenwashing’ — and has called for future fossil fuel adverts to carry ‘tobacco-style’ climate warnings
The AHTS18000 Skandi Rio will support Petrobras’ exploration and production activities on the Brazilian continental shelf The contract duration is for 3+1-year. (Credit: DOF ASA) The DOF Group is pleased to announce a new contract award for its fleet in Brazil for Petróleo Brasileiro S.A. (“Petrobras”). The AHTS18000 Skandi Rio will support Petrobras’ exploration and production activities on the Brazilian continental shelf. The vessel is owned and operated by Norskan Offshore Ltda. while DOF Subsea Brasil Servicios Ltda. will be responsible for the ROV operations. Both companies are 100% owned subsidiaries of DOF ASA.The contract duration is for 3+1-year with expected commencement in December/January. Skandi Rio is a Brazilian built and flagged AHTS vessel equipped with Work Class ROV’s for operations down to 3.000m water depth.Mons Aase, CEO in DOF Group, states: I am very pleased with the contract award, which confirm the DOF Group’s strong position in the South America region. Source: Company Press Release
The latest house price data from the Land Registry shows that house prices in England and Wales remained stable on a monthly basis, despite figures from HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) revealing that there was a drop in transactions.Although prices remained flat overall on a monthly basis, there were parts of England and Wales that saw rises, led by London where the average price of a home appreciated by 0.7 per cent month-on-month.On an annual basis, the Land Registry data revealed that prices rose by an average of 4.6 per cent in the year to May 2015 to £179,696. Again, London led the surge, with prices in the capital increasing by 9.1 per cent year-on-year.“Land Registry data shows that house prices are continuing to march upwards with London and the South East seeing the greatest annual growth,” said Brian Murphy (left), Head of Lending at Mortgage Advice Bureau (MAB).“The trend is not deterring homebuyers, as mortgage approvals are also at their highest since the Mortgage Market Review (MMR) was implemented according to the British Bankers’ Association (BBA). But it does mean that the average borrower is taking out a bigger loan than at any point since the recession, as well as putting up the largest average deposit for six years,” he added.Home prices in Wales did not perform so well with prices falling by 1.7 percent in May and going down in the year to May by 0.6 percent.Looking at the prices of different property types over the year, detached houses saw the biggest rise of 5.2 percent, followed by semi-detached houses rising by 4.7 percent, then terraced at 4.5 percent and flats/maisonettes appreciating by 4 percent.Meanwhile, separate data from HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) show that a total of 98,540 homes were sold in May, down 3 per cent on a year earlier. If this trend continues, there could be an annual fall in property transactions by the end of this year, compared with the 1.2 million or so deals recorded in 2014.However, with the General Election uncertainty now over, various market analysts predict that there is likely to be a pick-up in activity during the second half of this year.Andy Sommerville (right), Director of Search Acumen, commented, “It’s still too soon to tell whether the property market can breathe a sigh of relief that business is back on track after the recent slowdown. May’s data shows a slight increase in transactions from April, but we’re still not matching activity levels from last year.“Positive economic indicators such as falling unemployment and minimal inflation should work in favour of prospective buyers,” he added. “A big jump in the non-seasonally adjusted transaction figures for England in May also hints that some momentum is growing, which makes this the ideal time for conveyancing firms to put the right resources in place and sharpen up their competitive edge.”house prices Land Registry MAB Mortgage Advice Bureau property prices Andy Sommerville Brian Murphy Search Acumen July 1, 2015The NegotiatorWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Hong Kong remains most expensive city to rent with London in 4th place30th April 2021 Home » News » Housing Market » House prices stable as transactions dip previous nextHousing MarketHouse prices stable as transactions dipResidential property prices remained flat across England and Wales in May, despite a fall in property sales.The Negotiator1st July 20150581 Views
Share this article View post tag: Guard View post tag: coast View post tag: rescues US Coast Guard Rescues Seven off Haiti View post tag: US View post tag: Haiti View post tag: SEVEN View post tag: News by topic Seven crewmembers were rescued after their 100-foot coastal freighter began taking on water and sank approximately 45 miles north off of Cap Haitien, Haiti, on Friday 21st of November.Watchstanders at the Coast Guard 7th District command center in Miami received a report from a tug stating they heard a distress call from a vessel claiming to be taking on water off the coast of Great Inagua, Bahamas.A Coast Guard MH-60 Jayhawk helicopter crew deployed in support of Operations Bahamas, Turks and Caicos (OPBAT) launched and located the coastal freighter Calypso approximately 50 miles off the coast of Great Inagua. The helicopter crew lowered a rescue swimmer down with a dewatering pump. The freighter Calypso began to slowly transit to the coast of Haiti to investigate the source of the flooding.At approximately 12:30 p.m. the Coast Guard Cutter Charles Sexton arrived on scene and Coast Guard crewmembers were transferred to the freighter and assisted with the dewatering of the vessel. The freighter began to list on the right side due to the amount of water in the lower compartments. To ensure the safety of everyone aboard, all seven crewmembers were removed and transferred to the cutter Sexton with no medical concerns.The Coast Guard Cutter Thetis arrived on the scene at approximately 7 p.m. and safely transferred the seven crewmembers from the cutter Sexton to the cutter Thetis.At approximately 7:30 p.m., crewmembers from the cutter Thetis reported seeing the freighter Calypso continue to list on the right side before sinking approximately 45 miles north of Cap Haitien, Haiti.The vessel sank in nearly 4,000 feet of water and has approximately 500 gallons of diesel fuel onboard. The Coast Guard will continue to monitor the situation for any evidence of pollution or debris from the vessel. No pollution is currently visible at this time.[mappress mapid=”14541″]Press Release; Image: US Coast Guard Back to overview,Home naval-today US Coast Guard Rescues Seven off Haiti November 24, 2014
FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail Some states were getting ready to jump into sports gambling even before the U.S. Supreme Court legalized it last week, lining up legislation that would allow their states to cash in as quickly as possible on millions of dollars in tax revenue.New Jersey, which won the high court case, and Delaware, with its racetracks, could be the first to benefit, potentially hosting sports gambling in a matter of weeks. Mississippi and Pennsylvania also expect to see legal betting soon.But gambling experts warn that starry-eyed lawmakers might be overestimating their haul from legalized sports betting. Differences in state tax structures, competition for a limited market of gamblers, the push for a federal framework and the continued allure of black-market betting all could cut into the hoped-for windfall.A 2017 study by Oxford Economics, conducted for the American Gaming Association, estimated that sports betting could become a $41.2 billion industry — including “downstream impacts” as well as spending by bettors — and contribute about $3.4 billion in taxes to state and local governments.That “may sound like big money — but it isn’t,” said Lucy Dadayan, a senior policy analyst at the Rockefeller Institute of Government.The estimated $3.4 billion represents less than 0.3 percent of total state and local revenue, she said. It’s naive, she added, to think sports betting will be “a budget saver.” Historically, revenue from expanding gambling deteriorates over time, she said. And much of the “new” gambling money that flows in is shifted from other forms of betting.“Most certainly it will generate some revenues for the early-adopter states,” Dadayan said, “which will encourage other states to follow suit and legalize sports betting.”That could give early states an advantage. And they’re anticipating wins.“Great!” said West Virginia Gov. Jim Justice after the ruling. “I think it’s great because, to be perfectly honest, today we all know there’s a lot of illegal sports betting going on,” Justice, a Republican, told West Virginia reporters.About 20 states have considered sports gambling legislation in 2018, but only West Virginia’s has passed. Mississippi and Pennsylvania enacted theirs last year.Connecticut also now has an authorizing law in place, and New York is getting close, according to legalsportsreport.com, an industry website and newsletter tracking wagering laws. Oregon enacted legislation decades ago that could also be used to sanction sports gambling.Dustin Gouker, the newsletter’s editor, said revenue “is a hard thing to forecast.” He said even if states legalize sports betting, the black market — with estimated wagers between $50 billion and $100 billion a year — is not going to disappear.“Legal books are going to do well because they are legal and trustworthy,” he said. “But offshore books offer anonymity and are tax free,” he said, referring to illegal books based in other countries.In Nevada, where it has been legal since 1984, sports wagering makes up an increasingly higher portion of overall gambling revenue, according to statistics compiled by David G. Schwartz, director of the Center for Gaming Research at the University of Nevada Las Vegas. In 2017, sports wagering made up 2.2 percent of the casinos’ take, a historic high.Depending on how the sports gambling is structured in a state, it may or may not cut into the illegal sports gambling market, or other types of gambling, Schwartz said. He also noted that Nevada gambling revenue overall is still below its pre-recession peak.Observers think the gambling industry, like any other industry, will consider states’ tax and regulatory structure when deciding whether to get involved. New Jersey, with its Atlantic City casinos, and Delaware, with its racetracks, already have some gambling rules in place for the legal betting that goes on there now.Pennsylvania, another racetrack state, has a 34 percent tax on sports bet winnings, far above that of Nevada, which has a 6.75 percent tax on sports betting. Legislation in Indiana would have set a 9.25 percent sports wagering tax on casinos.“We have to make sure that we don’t price our own casinos out of the industry,” said Republican state Rep. Alan Morrison of Indiana, whose sports wagering bill failed this year. “If the taxes are too high, the folks who are setting the lines will not be able to be competitive with those who are not being taxed at all.”Another wrinkle: In states with prominent professional or collegiate sports teams, those organizations might get a cut of the revenue. Several states and professional sports leagues are lobbying for “integrity fees,” ostensibly to fund efforts to make sure that the sporting events are legitimate, but which have been criticized by the gambling industry as just another way for the sports leagues to make money.Sports leagues, leery of navigating different regulations in multiple states, are calling on Congress to write federal legislation that would regulate the sports betting industry nationwide, partially based on the “integrity” issue.“Congress has long-recognized the potential harms posed by sports betting to the integrity of sporting contests and the public confidence in these events,” an NFL spokesman said in a statement after the ruling. “Given that history, we intend to call on Congress again, this time to enact a core regulatory framework for legalized sports betting.”U.S. Sen. Orrin Hatch, a Utah Republican, said he will soon introduce broad sports gambling legislation designed to “protect honesty and principle” and set federal standards, while allowing individual states to still regulate the wagering within their borders.Meanwhile, states are pushing ahead. Chris Grove, the lead analyst at playusa.com, which tracks and promotes legal and regulated gambling, thinks some will take more time than others.“Despite the decision, the process of regulated sports betting spreading across the United States will be a gradual one,” Grove said. “Some states will act quickly; others will be more deliberative. Some states will ultimately decline to authorize regulated sports betting.”Morrison, the point man on legal sports wagering legislation in Indiana, still anticipates new sports gambling operations that could bring in millions.Morrison and a colleague in the Senate were shepherding legislation this year, but they ran into competing constituencies, not the least of which was the NCAA, headquartered in Indiana, which was opposed altogether. The bill died.The NCAA has reluctantly acknowledged in the past week that the Supreme Court’s ruling changes things. And now, in light of the ruling, Morrison, a Republican, is on the trail to get wagering legislation revived and passed next session.
Historians and archivists know a secret that most of us do not: that vast stores of primary documents about North America’s Colonial era lie untouched and unseen in repositories throughout the United States and Canada.The papers of the Founding Fathers and other prominent figures are well known, said University Librarian Robert Darnton, who is Harvard’s Carl H. Pforzheimer University Professor and a historian of early modern France. But much archived material — a lot of it related to the economic and social life of the Colonies — has not been fully examined.With Darnton in the lead, Harvard is doing something about that by digitizing documents for its Colonial North America (CNA) project. “There are fabulous holdings in unexpected places,” he said.Having 73 libraries gives Harvard the advantage of volume. Taken as a whole, the University’s archival and manuscript repositories house more than 45,000 collections, according to a 2010 survey, which include nearly 190,000 linear feet of boxes. (One linear foot is equivalent to about 2,000 items or pages.) Harvard’s collections contain approximately 400 million items, from single pages to folders. There are 35 miles of manuscripts at Harvard, said Darnton in one report, “much of it unprocessed.”Of the material surveyed, about 6,900 linear feet — around 30 million pages — date from the 17th and 18th centuries. This includes 1,654 relevant collections at 12 Harvard repositories, according to Ceilyn M. Boyd, a Harvard Library senior project manager. Chief among the Harvard sites for these Colonial archives — about 60 percent of which are in English — are the Harvard University Archives, Houghton Library, and the law, business, medicine, and divinity Schools.“This is one of the few places in the country where this kind of material has built up over the ages,” said Darnton. “Much has not been seen by historians. As an historian myself, I’m astonished.” The 1790 Phi Beta Kappa Oration by Thomas W. Hooper (1771-1816), who defined the post-Revolutionary American age as one of “daring, enterprise and restless ambition.” On June 16, 1775, Winthrop “all day packg up Apparatus and Library” for the move to Concord. On June 17, after noting his dining and lodging arrangements, he records “Charlestown BURNT. Batt of BUNKER Hill.” The Winthrop entries for April 1775 juxtapose the prosaic and the historic. “BATTLE of Concord & Lexington,” he notes on the 19th, adding: “Went to Fresh Pond.” Later doodles on William Tudor’s “Problem 5th” transform a Cambridge church into a giant Pegasus, complete with legs and sweeping wings. But the divine horse of Greek mythology is given the head and beak of a raptor, peering hungrily at what might be Massachusetts Hall. One leaf from a 1775 journal kept by Harvard scientist and professor John Winthrop (1714-1779) in that year’s Bickerstaff’s Boston Almanac. The list notes the battles of Lexington and Concord (April 19) and Bunker Hill (June 17) and Harvard’s one-year refuge at Concord (June 21). In “Problem 4th” of his 1795 student mathematical notebook, William Tudor adds some undergraduate wit: a spire perched on a high rock speckled with weeds. Leafing through journals By December, the CNA project, which is supported by the Arcadia Fund, expects to conserve and digitize at least 109 of the relevant collections, said Boyd, who added that a Nov. 1 progress report said about 33,000 images have been digitized so far from three Harvard repositories.Great age and a certain historical centrality are also factors in how large the University’s Colonial holdings are. “This is where education began in what is the United States,” said Darnton. “And to a considerable extent, this is where the United States began.”But the Harvard collections are only part of what is a vast array of similar archival material in repositories throughout the continent, most awaiting digitization. So another project is in the planning stages. The Colonial Archives of North America project (CANA) will draw on collections at Harvard and at partner historical societies, archives, and libraries. Among them are the Massachusetts Historical Society, the Boston Public Library, the New York Public Library, and Montreal’s Bibliotheques et Archives nationales du Quebec, which already has digitized much of its holdings.The project is an ambitious collective enterprise. “We will create a gigantic database that will give us digital access to the entirety of [[archives]] in the Colonial world,” said Darnton, “on a scale that has not before existed.”The database, Harvard experts pointed out, will be in the form of shared metadata linked to digitized collections at the partner institutions that own the actual documents. This “data about data” — a sort of 21st century card catalog — makes items easier to find by person, date, period, or some other contextual clue.The project will reunite collections that were scattered starting hundreds of years ago. Darnton joked about the apparent opportunity Harvard had in 1787 to be the sole repository for the papers of Boston-area Founding Fathers. “Think of it,” he said.Since then, some of those papers have returned to Harvard in “haphazard ways,” said Darnton, while others remain in archives in Boston, New York, Montreal, and elsewhere.University archivist Megan Sniffin-Marinoff remembered that 1787 moment too. “The library was still developing” then, she said, and not in the business of actively collecting many of these archival documents, giving historical and genealogical societies of the 18th century — many of them with Harvard associations — “a jump on Harvard.” (It was only in 1851 that Harvard began systematically documenting even its own history.)Now comes the digital age, said Darnton, and with it the possibility that scattered papers and archives can be reunited virtually. With them will come a flood of documents that have lingered in the scholarly shadows, but that have the potential for illuminating the age that gave North America much of its present social and geographic character. Among those documents are many records on businesses, poverty, public health, and relief to the indigent.Darnton is taken with the idea that such archives might also illuminate the lives of Colonial women and working classes, since he is a believer in the idea of “history from the bottom up.” But Darnton also admits the difficulty historians face in understanding the common man. In a 1984 essay called “The Meaning of Mother Goose,” he even advocated a new look at fairy tales as a means of uncovering the lost daily realities of the past.Darnton is a staunch defender of traditional print (publishing “The Case for Books” in 2009). But he is also a champion of digital’s potential for scholars, classrooms, and readers. (Darnton is one of the moving forces behind the Digital Public Library of America, which went live in April and recently held a Boston conference.)The digital age can help to recover lost worlds, said Darnton, going well beyond the stories of great men and big events. He pointed to the recent discovery at Harvard’s Houghton Library of manuscript petitions from 1767 Boston, signed pledges to boycott British goods. The signatures of men and women are freely mixed, and provide a stunning new portrait of the city’s patriot class. “I was amazed,” said Darnton. “There were many signatures of women.”Such discoveries will be accelerated for Colonial-era researchers by the volume, the serendipity, and the interconnectivity of the archive’s metadata. “There is enough in this for graduate students to write Ph.D.s indefinitely,” he said.As an example, Sniffin-Marinoff discussed the 18th-century papers of John and Hannah Winthrop at Harvard. Assembled, they provide a rich portrait of the first prominent scientist to teach at Harvard. John Winthrop was one of the foremost scientists of his time. But the documents also reveal the inner workings of the Winthrop household.In a June 16, 1775, diary entry scrawled in an almanac, Winthrop recounts spending the day packing up Harvard’s library and scientific instruments for the move to Concord ahead of British troops. (For safety, the students spent 1775-1776 there.) On the 17th, he noted in bold letters, was the Battle of Bunker Hill.On other days, the journal records meeting for coffee (pointedly, not British tea) with John Adams, John Hancock, and other revolution luminaries. The Winthrop papers, digitized as part of the archive project, “make more accessible the perspective of a Harvard professor being deeply engaged in the affairs of the country,” Sniffin-Marinoff said.The digitizing also holds the promise of providing access to a more detailed picture of Native Americans, she said. “Some of those details are hidden in plain sight within Harvard’s administrative records.”Sniffin-Marinoff and Darnton pointed to other discoveries already digitized, including whimsical and revealing Harvard student notebooks from the 18th century. (Both have examples hanging in their offices.) The notebooks with illustrated mathematical problems sometimes provided an excuse for students to draw Harvard as it was, or an opportunity for teenage doodling.“We are getting on with it no matter what,” said Darnton of Harvard’s own digitization project. The larger project is moving along too. It already has a technology committee and is putting in place structures for content and administration.The larger, bi-national archive project — with its partners at public archives, public libraries, and historical societies — “takes what we are doing at Harvard and moves it out into the world,” said Sniffin-Marinoff.The next step is for the partners to finish writing a joint application for a grant.Darnton is optimistic that funding will come for an international archives project that is at once so vast and so vital, providing an opportunity to dive deep into the Colonial realities that made North America. “I can’t imagine,” he said, “being turned down.”
A bend in the Gauley River. Photo Courtesy NPS.“These challenges are direct attacks on America’s national parks,” said Nicholas Lund, Senior Manager of NPCA. “Each of these rules provides the commonsense protections for national parks that millions of Americans demand. If the Park Service’s drilling rules are repealed, national parks across the country would be subjected to poorly regulated oil and gas drilling, threatening parks’ air, water and wildlife.”Learn more here.Have an opinion? Let your legislator know! You can find contact information for your state’s representative here. It’s been just over a week since Congressman Jason Chaffettz (R) of Utah introduced a bill that seeks to sell off more than 3.3 million acres of public land, and Congress is already at it again.The newest threat to America’s public land is aimed at the National Park Service (NPS), and takes the form of a joint resolution that would lift crucial drilling restrictions in more than 40 national parks across the country.Last night, Congressman Paul Gosar (R-Ariz.), introduced H.J. Res. 46 to the 1st session of the 115th Congress. If enacted the bill would roll back NPS safeguards that strictly regulate oil and gas extraction on national parks where the federal government does not own the sub-surface mineral rights.These national parks are commonly referred to as ‘split estate’ properties, and include such treasured parks as Grand Teton National Park, Mesa Verde National Park, The Gauley River National Recreation Area, New River Gorge National River, Cumberland Gap National Historic Park, and many others.The bill would make drilling more likely in Colarado’s Mesa Verde National Park and many others.It’s important to note that extraction activities are already taking place on 12 of the so-called ‘split estate’ parks. That includes one active well in the New River Gorge National Recreation Area, two in the Cumberland Gap National Historic Park, and 284 in the Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area.But the rule changes proposed in H.J. Res. 46 would transfer the responsibility of regulating extraction out of the hands of NPS and into the hands of individual state governments with minimal requirements for oversight and regulation.The National Parks Conservation Association (NPCA), a nonpartisan group that works to safeguard America’s national parks, breaks it down like this:If Congress repeals these rules, drilling could occur in national parks with little more than bare-minimum state regulations. The Park Service will have essentially no authority over oil and gas development proposed inside national parks. Leaks and spills could go unpunished without NPS authority to enforce safety standards. Companies would be able to build roads through national parks to begin drilling, such as the 11-mile road through the heart of Big Cypress National Preserve built to reach an oil and gas lease. Drilling companies would not be required to inform parks or park visitors about when or how drilling operations would occur.