News More and more Iranian prisoners, including journalists, are risking their lives by going on hunger strike in protest against prison conditions or mistreatment, or simply to demand proper medical care.Soheil Arabi, a citizen-journalist held since December 2013, has been on hunger strike for the past 25 days in protest against the way the Revolutionary Guard intelligence services have been harassing and threatening his wife, Nastaran Naimi.Naimi was arrested at her home by plainclothes intelligence officers in July and was held for eight days. Since then, she has been constantly harassed and threatened, and was fired from her job at their request.Arabi’s family say Arabi is now in a critical condition because he has not eaten anything at all since 23 September.Mehdi Khazali, the outspoken editor of the Baran blog, was arrested on a Tehran street by men in civilian dress on 12 August and, according to his family, has been on hunger strike ever since the day of his arrest.This was disputed by the Tehran prosecutor a month after his arrest. “He is not on hunger strike, despite what is claimed by the enemy media abroad,” the prosecutor insisted. “He is well and his family saw him last week.” This has not been confirmed by his family.Khazali had been openly critical of the head of the judicial authority in the months prior to his arrest. He was sentenced to 14 years in prison in 2011.Ehssan Mazndarani, a journalist with the daily Farhikhteghan arrested in November 2015, is in very poor health but is still being held despite a regulation requiring the prison authorities to provide ailing detainees with the medical care they need.His relatives say they are extremely worried about him because he can no longer even swallow water and the prison authorities are refusing to authorize a transfer so that forensic doctors can examine him.RSF points out to the Iranian authorities that they are required to respect both Iran’s own laws and regulations* and the international standards** established in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which Iran has signed.Iran is ranked 165th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2017 World Press Freedom Index.*According to Iran’s prison regulations, adopted by the judicial body that oversees the prison system, prison officials are supposed to provide detainees with any medical care they need. Articles 102 and 103 of the regulations say that “monthly medical checks are obligatory in the prison clinic” and that “if necessary, the detainee must be transferred urgently from the prison to the hospital.”These regulations also say that the judge in charge of the case is responsible for the health and safety of any prisoner with a serious and incurable illness.**According the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to whichIran is party, depriving detainees of medical care constitutes a violation of the ban on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. Reporters Without Borders (RSF) is extremely concerned about the prison conditions of detained journalists and citizen-journalists in Iran, especially those who are ill or on hunger strike. The plight of Soheil Arabi, Mehdi Khazali and Ehssan Mazndarani is particularly alarming. March 18, 2021 Find out more IranMiddle East – North Africa Judicial harassmentViolenceImprisonedInternet Organisation After Hengameh Shahidi’s pardon, RSF asks Supreme Leader to free all imprisoned journalists Receive email alerts IranMiddle East – North Africa Judicial harassmentViolenceImprisonedInternet June 9, 2021 Find out more September 27, 2017 Iranian authorities neglect health of imprisoned journalists Follow the news on Iran News Help by sharing this information Iran: Press freedom violations recounted in real time January 2020 News Call for Iranian New Year pardons for Iran’s 21 imprisoned journalists to go further News RSF_en February 25, 2021 Find out more
By Marcos Ommati/Diálogo March 06, 2017 Boa Noite !Primeiramente quero agradecer a atenÃ§ao ,queria muito ter a oportunidade de minha filha entrar na Marinha do Brasil ,mas nao sei como fazer gostaria de ter uma ajuda de como proceder ,ela e uma menina muito responsÃ¡vel em tudo uma otima filha ,agradeÃ§o se obtiver uma resposta ficarei grata sei que com a ajuda de Deus vamos conseguir .OBRIGADO The main operational arm of the Brazilian Marine Corps (CFN, per its Portuguese acronym) is part of the Fleet Marine Squad (FFE, per its Portuguese acronym). Its mission is to develop naval land operations. FFE originated after the Second World War out of the need observed by the Brazilian Military to develop a modernized force with amphibious capability, for use as the country’s naval power. The current commander of FFE is Marine Lieutenant General Alexandre José Barreto de Mattos who, coincidentally, on the day he gave this interview to Diálogo – February 14th – was promoted to general, and will soon lead the entire Brazilian Marine Corps.Diálogo: FFE celebrated 60 years in February. Why should this be considered a historical date?Lieutenant General Alexandre José Barreto de Mattos: Any force, institution, or individual who has existed for 60 years has already gone through a lot in their lives, having behind them a very important history. The history of the Fleet Marine Force is no different. It has a glorious history, one that is always evolving, and the work it performs is always evolving. As a result, we have today a Fleet Marine Force that is well respected in any mission it participates in, especially those in support of keeping peace in other countries, and those that guarantee the safety of Brazilian citizens in the various Law and Order Maintenance (GLO, per its Portuguese acronym) operations. The Marine Corps is well respected, together with the Brazilian Navy, of which it is a member, as well as respected by the Brazilian people, and all other branches of the Armed Forces.Diálogo: You will vacate your position soon. What has been your greatest challenge as FFE commander?Lt. Gen. Alexandre: To command the FFE is a dream come true for any Marine officer. I would say that my greatest challenge was to ensure that all conditions were in place, as required, for discipline, training, and detailed planning, as well as to provide employment to more than 6,000 men of the Fleet Marine Force, with the utmost safety and security. We need to be well-trained and prepared to ensure that our people who use real ammunition, and who are always finding themselves in situations of risk, can work safely. We need to provide them with the required conditions to ensure they always go back home safely at the end of the day, or upon completing a mission. This is our greatest challenge.Diálogo: How does the Marine Corps participate, and have a presence in the Amazon Region, the so-called Green Amazon?Lt. Gen. Alexandre: We have two riverine operation battalions: the 1st Riverine Operations Battalion under the command of the 9th Naval District; and the 2nd Riverine Operations Battalion under the 4th Naval District. These two battalions operate in the Green Amazon Region conducting riverine operations, ensuring river channel security, and carrying out inspections of ships. They also perform inspections related to waterway traffic in that region. These battalions also conduct internal security operations to guarantee that the rivers in the Amazon Basin are being properly used, and perform joint exercises with the other armed forces, as well as with other security and law enforcement agencies which are directly responsible for defensive actions, or actions against drug trafficking.Diálogo: What type of support can Marines provide in these operations?Lt. Gen. Alexandre: In these operations, that are also conducted with law enforcement agencies, such as the Federal Police and the local police forces, the battalions can provide major logistics and information support to those responsible for actions against drug traffickers, thus creating the appropriate and required safety and security conditions so they can successfully complete this type of mission.Diálogo: Brazil’s Marine Corps (CFN, per its Portuguese acronym) participated in the safety and security operations for the 2016 Olympics, the 2014 Soccer World Cup, and also during the occupation of the so-called slum complexes of Alemão, Penha and Maré. The Corps is presently in Haiti as part of the United Nations Stabilization Mission (MINUSTAH), but also in Law and Order Maintenance operations in the states of Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo, in addition to performing scanning operations in the penitentiaries of Natal, the capital of the state of Rio Grande do Norte.How do you prepare a force to conduct so many different missions? Lt. Gen. Alexandre: We have a very intense training unit that provides support in preparing our personnel, starting from the lowest positions. A major part of this cycle is what we call the central axis. This is a classical term of FFE training. All this training and all the planning related to it, allows our soldiers to put into practice, throughout the year, the abilities that are essential in performing any task: discipline, total obedience to the principles of hierarchy, and a strong ability to perform detailed planning. Once these factors are sufficiently practiced over the course of a year, the Marine will have the right skills that will allow him to perform what he is assigned. Also, the Marine Corps is highly professional, i.e., from the soldier to the general; they are all professionals and volunteers, they have all been subject to qualification exams, and they all invest heavily in their careers. The Marines do not include conscripts, i.e., those that spend some required time with the Force (usually 10 months) just to comply with military service requirements. They are all professionals; this is the profession they chose to follow.This makes it easier to conduct training, and it also facilitates learning during the courses and promotes more engagement in doing the required tasks once they are assigned to the CFN. We work under the doctrine of organization by tasks. In other words, any task assigned to the Marine Corps is performed by forming an operational group of Marines. When we talk about a marine operational group, we mean an arrangement of means and personnel that give a Marine the ability to last in action with administrative and planning autonomy. This also helps in situations where, for example, we are working with Law and Order Maintenance and, all of a sudden, the same group has to be moved to peace-keeping operations and, at the same time, perform other actions where a stronger use of the Force is required.Diálogo: One cannot deny that the participation in peace-keeping missions and Law and Order Maintenance, which are real, not just training exercises, end up being very beneficial to those you lead. Lt. Gen. Alexandre: Absolutely. All these major events we participate in, all the Law and Order Maintenance actions in the communities, both in and outside of Rio de Janeiro, and Haiti itself, are real operations. This has become of fundamental importance to the evolution of the Marine Corps. Nowadays, it is really rare to find any ranked military person who has not participated in at least one of these events, i.e., who has not had at least one real mission experience. Let us not forget that we are also in Lebanon participating in UNIFIL (United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon). We should also not forget that we have security squads in embassies, which are very real missions too. When you are responsible for the security of an ambassador or diplomat, you are very much performing a real mission.Diálogo: It is possible that MINUSTAH will be decommissioned in a few months. Is CFN already considering the use of the force for operations in other countries?Lt. Gen. Alexandre: Yes, Brazil’s Ministry of Defense has already received requests for our participation in U.N. missions in Cyprus, Lebanon, Congo, Western Sahara, Central African Republic, Liberia, Syria, Ivory Coast, and Sudan, which are all countries facing considerable difficulties in keeping their domestic security. As a result, international organizations are considering the possibility of sending troops for peace-keeping missions in those countries.Diálogo: How important is it that the Brazilian Marine Corps interact with other countries’ Marine Corps?Lt. Gen. Alexandre: Sharing experiences is of utmost importance for us and them, as this is a two-way street. Of course, there has to be a balance in the sharing of experiences. As it always happens in international relations, there have to be trade-offs, negotiations, and proper planning. Whatever we receive from one side, we can also use to the same extent in relaying our experiences to other countries. This is important because it is also useful for the joint operations work and exactly to what is involved in such operations. UNITAS is a classic example of this.