As the German contribution to the Southern Ocean Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics Study (SO GLOBEC), RV Polarstern visited the Eastern Bellingshausen Sea between 18 April and 1 May 2001. This paper examines in situ feeding cycles, ingestion rates and growth of larval krill Euphausia superba. Larval krill were exceptionally numerous, especially over the shelf break and continental slope: mean 8872 larvae m(-2), maximum 30 084 larvae m-2. The developmental stage composition of krill larvae over the shelf was advanced compared to that at continental slope stations, which may have resulted from enhanced food availability over the shelf. Despite the season being late autumn, the feeding activity of larval krill was similar to published summer rates. The intermoult period of larval krill ranged from 6 to 17 days, with daily growth rates reaching 2.2% of body length, 8.7% of body wet mass and 5.7% of body carbon. Daily ingestion rates were 8.5-17.6 mug C ind(-1) d(-1) for calyptopis 3 to furcilia 2 and 35.1-57.4 mug C ind(-1) d(-1) for furcilia 3-5, and were positively correlated with ambient chlorophyll a concentrations. Daily rations showed the same tendency, ranging from 21.5 to 44.5% of body Cd-1 (catyptopis 3 to furcilia 2) and from 17.8 to 29.2% of body Cd-1 (furcilia 3-5). Comparison of daily rations between open water and sea ice stations supports the notion that larval krill at low pelagic food supply under the sea ice have to exploit ice biota to sustain their metabolic demands. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Finsbury Food Group said it is on the “right side of the line” in a competitive market as it announced a rise in sales and profits this week.Sales were up 12% to £32.8 million and pre-tax profit was up 70% to £1.2m over the six months to December 31, including three new Scottish businesses acquired in November 2005. Underlying sales were up 9% and profits up 36% to £0.9m.Finsbury’s business model and positioning in the premium end of the market allows it to capitalise on market trends, chief executive Dave Brooks told British Baker. He said he saw “fantastic” opportunities for growth in the business, which includes Memory Lane Cakes, bakery Nicholas & Harris and new acquisitions United Central Bakeries, California Cakes and Campbells Cakes. Organic, gluten free and low fat are growing areas of demand Finsbury is well placed to serve, he said.At Memory Lane commissioning of a small cake production line will complete by April. This will be able to make £10m worth of miniature versions of premium boxed cakes a year. A sponge production line is also being automated. Organic bakery Nicholas & Harris is seeing “huge growth” and is on track for a record Easter. It now has listings at the four main multiples and an exclusive contract to supply Waitrose hot cross buns. Plans to install an oven at the Campbells’ no-bake bakery, which makes cold lines such as shortbread have been shelved. Instead, product baked at the nearby low fat specialist California bakery will be finished in Campbells. Following the recent acquisitions, buying functions on core commodities including eggs, flour and power have been centralised across the five businesses to reap cost savings. Mr Brooks said after a spending spree last year and a “big couple of years in terms of capital investment”, Finsbury has no plans for acquisitions. It will focus on organic growth.
The situation was markedly different in the summer when – in the light of a £40,000,001 bid from Arsenal – the Uruguay international claimed the club had reneged on a deal which would allow him to join a side playing in Europe’s elite. However, a promising start to the season sees the Reds in third, behind Chelsea only on goal difference, with a number of positive performances. “He sees a genuine chance for us to make that (top four). He is happy here. “From a club perspective, we made a stance last summer, not only for Luis but for every player. “If we think it is time to sell a player, we will. If not we won’t.” While the impact of Suarez and Daniel Sturridge has not been in doubt this season, Liverpool’s midfield were criticised for being too pedestrian in the defeat at Arsenal last weekend. Critics were quick to point out the 33-year-old Gerrard appeared to have little influence on the game from a passing or running point of view while speed has never been an attribute Lucas has been blessed with. While Rodgers did not exactly dismiss suggestions his midfield lacked the necessary speed, he did counter the argument. “We have got very good players and in that game Arsenal had outstanding ability,” he added. “In fairness to Steven and Lucas, they worked very hard. Steven picked up an injury (to his hip) and struggled in that part of the game because of that. “There’s no doubt in the modern game you have to have that mobility in midfield but you also need the balance. “You also need players who are technically good, can play and can participate in the game tactically and of course the modern game gets quicker every year. “That is an area you need mobility in and for us, going forward, it is something, as with every area, we will try to improve.” Press Association Suarez has contributed significantly already after returning from suspension, scoring six times in five league matches. Earlier in the week, captain Steven Gerrard said he thought the 26-year-old would reconsider his position at the end of the campaign depending on whether the club had qualified for the Champions League. But Rodgers has always insisted he has had nothing but commitment from the striker. “I haven’t been given anything to the contrary,” he said. “Looking and speaking to him Luis is as happy as he has ever been. “He recognises we have a real genuine chance this year of breaking in there (the top four). “Last year was about transition and the second season was about improvement and he has seen that. “He had a difficult summer but he has come back and he is more mature and his performance level has been really high. Liverpool manager Brendan Rodgers insists striker Luis Suarez is “as happy as he’s ever been” as he can see the club has a genuine chance of qualifying for the Champions League.