first_imgSep 6, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – Consumers should take precautions to limit their risk of contracting Salmonella infections from raw tomatoes, which may have sickened more than 79,000 people in a dozen outbreaks since 1990, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said today. The fourth outbreak featured 190 confirmed cases from 21 states in September and October of 2006, all involving the same strain of Salmonella Typhimurium, with 24 patients hospitalized. As evidenced by a case-control study, cases were linked with eating large, round tomatoes at a restaurant. Wash all tomatoes thoroughly just before eating. In the second outbreak, 82 cases featuring the same strain of Salmonella Braenderup were identified in eight states in November and December 2005. Eighteen patients were hospitalized. A case-control study pointed to a particular chain restaurant where patients had eaten raw, diced Roma tomatoes, the report says. The tomatoes had been grown in one of two fields in Florida and were diced and packaged at a firm in Kentucky before being shipped to the restaurant. Investigators found Salmonella in environmental samples from the Florida farm, but it was not the outbreak strain. In an analysis of four recent multistate Salmonella outbreaks linked to tomatoes served in restaurants, the CDC advises, among other things, that cut tomatoes should be refrigerated within 2 hours. The analysis was published in the Sep 7 issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. A third outbreak involved 115 cases confirmed between July and November of 2006 in 19 states. The cases, which caused eight hospitalizations, featured the same strain of Salmonella Newport as the 2005 outbreak. Again, a case-control study pointed to raw tomatoes eaten in restaurants as the likely cause, but no single restaurant or chain was implicated. The source of the tomatoes was not determined. The CDC says the widely dispersed nature of the four outbreaks suggests that contamination occurred early in the distribution chain, such as at the farm or packing facility, rather than in restaurants. “These recurrent multistate outbreaks indicate that the tomato-growing environment is an ongoing source of contamination of tomatoes,” the report says. Further, cutting can transfer contamination from the skin of a tomato to the interior, and cut tomatoes provide a good medium for bacterial growth, the CDC says. The 2007 FDA Food Code has been amended to specify that cut, peeled, or processed tomatoes must be refrigerated, the article says. Exactly how tomatoes get contaminated is not known, but experiments have pointed to several possibilities, the report states. For example, tomatoes can absorb Salmonella when they are immersed in water that’s cooler than the tomatoes, according to one study. Another study indicated that tomatoes can become internally contaminated when stems and flowers of the plants are inoculated with Salmonella from contaminated water. From July to November 2005, 72 confirmed cases associated with the same strain of Salmonella Newport (matched by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis) were identified in 16 states. Eight patients were hospitalized. A case-control study indicated that illness was associated with eating raw, large, round tomatoes at restaurants, but no single restaurant or chain was implicated. Investigators concluded that the contaminated tomatoes had been grown at two farms on the eastern shore of Virginia. The outbreak strain was found in irrigation pond water near tomato fields in the region. The report describes four salmonellosis outbreaks associated with restaurant tomatoes that involved 459 culture-confirmed cases in 21 states in 2005 and 2006. Most of the affected states were in the East and Midwest. None of the cases were fatal. The agency offers the following tips for consumers: The implicated tomatoes were traced to one packing house in Ohio that handled tomatoes from 25 fields. The production season had ended by the time the facility was implicated, so the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) waited until this year to investigate the situation. The investigation was completed in August, but the results were not included in the CDC report. Don’t buy bruised or damaged tomatoes. Refrigerate cut, peeled, or cooked tomatoes within 2 hours, or discard them. Separate cut tomatoes from raw, unwashed produce items, raw meats, and raw seafood. The article says that at least 12 multistate Salmonella outbreaks linked to tomatoes have been reported to the CDC since 1990, causing about 1,990 confirmed illness cases. Because more than 97% of Salmonella infections are not confirmed by culture, “these outbreaks might have resulted in as many as 79,600 illnesses,” the CDC states. CDC. Multistate outbreak of Salmonella infections associated with raw tomatoes eaten in restaurants—United States, 2005-2006. MMWR 2007 Sep 7;56(35):909-11 [Full text]last_img read more

first_img Sportradar: Football’s match fixers enter the betting early June 19, 2020 StumbleUpon Sports and betting are buddies that can’t do without each other thinks STATSCORE’s Jakub Myszkorowski. Yet have we got so used to the way they get on, that we’ve stopped trying to learn from one another? Myszkorowski explains how betting organisations can boost their own businesses by looking at how sports teams analyse their opponents, optimise performance and integrate new ideas.Analyse your opponentsTop football clubs have extraordinary technical teams packed with specialists. Amid physios, fitness coaches, diet leaders you can find also professionals solely responsible for analysing the opponents. All they do is focus on what makes your top rivals successful and what turns their wins into failures. This knowledge is today, arguably, the most valuable currency on the competitive market. The faster, deeper and better you can analyse what your opponents do, the more chance that you won’t copy their biggest mistakes. You can also hope to follow some of the successful paths too.Let’s think, honestly, if we replicate this in our line of work. As organisations so focused on our own growth, do we forget to focus on what makes our competitors… ‘lucky’ or ‘unlucky’? We should be open to this sort of market analysis rather than simply trying to be superior without an understanding of the competition.Optimise your performanceWhen you look at a top basketball or football team, it’s hard to miss how packed their agendas are throughout the season – often playing matches every few days. Playing games so frequently means that you need to plan well each day as you spend almost half of your time travelling. How and where to train? What to focus on? When to secure a proper rest? How to make the athletes’ bodies prepared to deliver their best each time?Professional sport is all about these things. Is your business too? Did you analyse if your website works well on every device and with any possible browser? Do your widgets upload fast enough in countries where fast internet on mobile is not always available? There are so many more questions like these that I could name here, but instead of wasting your time let’s leave it at this – take the time to consider how you can better optimise your own performance.And if you’re wondering how we did it at STATSCORE, where we care so much about the delivery of products for our partners, just reach out to learn more from our experiences.Yesterday’s paths will be useless tomorrowYou might not know that in my past life I used to be a football coach. To cut a long story short, people quickly realised that I wasn’t equipped to tell the Galácticos where they were going wrong.In any case, years ago I joined a second-tier club in my home country as an assistant coach. Our goal was clear – to get promoted. For some time, it seemed like we were on the right path. Then the winter interlude of the season came and we all kicked off for the preparation camps.Since the methods we used for the practices were… well… ‘different’, I asked the head coach what made him choose these drills. He was quite enthusiastic as he opened his old notebook telling me: ‘See – this is my complete routine from one of my former clubs were we won promotion. We will do the same here!’It was a concern for me to realise that we were just copy and pasting ‘ancient’ sporting practices. And guess what… we did not achieve the promotion we wanted. What a surprise.So before you keep on building your betting business in the same way you did it years ago, maybe it is time to analyse what is driving success today? Why is everyone going all mobile? Yes, we know you love your local kiosks but wouldn’t being available through every device and at all times of the day be better?The world of betting is changing. There are more and more new challengers that know their only chance is to be better tailored for the changing needs of the market. To remain superior to them, you do not need to give up on everything that has taken your company to the position you occupy today, but you need to be open to mixing evergreen practices with fresh ideas. Share Submit Related Articles Share STATSCORE chosen as the main sponsor for Futsal Ekstraklasa August 11, 2020 Spillemyndigheden reports decline in Q2 betting August 25, 2020last_img read more