first_imgSep 6, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – Consumers should take precautions to limit their risk of contracting Salmonella infections from raw tomatoes, which may have sickened more than 79,000 people in a dozen outbreaks since 1990, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said today. The fourth outbreak featured 190 confirmed cases from 21 states in September and October of 2006, all involving the same strain of Salmonella Typhimurium, with 24 patients hospitalized. As evidenced by a case-control study, cases were linked with eating large, round tomatoes at a restaurant. Wash all tomatoes thoroughly just before eating. In the second outbreak, 82 cases featuring the same strain of Salmonella Braenderup were identified in eight states in November and December 2005. Eighteen patients were hospitalized. A case-control study pointed to a particular chain restaurant where patients had eaten raw, diced Roma tomatoes, the report says. The tomatoes had been grown in one of two fields in Florida and were diced and packaged at a firm in Kentucky before being shipped to the restaurant. Investigators found Salmonella in environmental samples from the Florida farm, but it was not the outbreak strain. In an analysis of four recent multistate Salmonella outbreaks linked to tomatoes served in restaurants, the CDC advises, among other things, that cut tomatoes should be refrigerated within 2 hours. The analysis was published in the Sep 7 issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. A third outbreak involved 115 cases confirmed between July and November of 2006 in 19 states. The cases, which caused eight hospitalizations, featured the same strain of Salmonella Newport as the 2005 outbreak. Again, a case-control study pointed to raw tomatoes eaten in restaurants as the likely cause, but no single restaurant or chain was implicated. The source of the tomatoes was not determined. The CDC says the widely dispersed nature of the four outbreaks suggests that contamination occurred early in the distribution chain, such as at the farm or packing facility, rather than in restaurants. “These recurrent multistate outbreaks indicate that the tomato-growing environment is an ongoing source of contamination of tomatoes,” the report says. Further, cutting can transfer contamination from the skin of a tomato to the interior, and cut tomatoes provide a good medium for bacterial growth, the CDC says. The 2007 FDA Food Code has been amended to specify that cut, peeled, or processed tomatoes must be refrigerated, the article says. Exactly how tomatoes get contaminated is not known, but experiments have pointed to several possibilities, the report states. For example, tomatoes can absorb Salmonella when they are immersed in water that’s cooler than the tomatoes, according to one study. Another study indicated that tomatoes can become internally contaminated when stems and flowers of the plants are inoculated with Salmonella from contaminated water. From July to November 2005, 72 confirmed cases associated with the same strain of Salmonella Newport (matched by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis) were identified in 16 states. Eight patients were hospitalized. A case-control study indicated that illness was associated with eating raw, large, round tomatoes at restaurants, but no single restaurant or chain was implicated. Investigators concluded that the contaminated tomatoes had been grown at two farms on the eastern shore of Virginia. The outbreak strain was found in irrigation pond water near tomato fields in the region. The report describes four salmonellosis outbreaks associated with restaurant tomatoes that involved 459 culture-confirmed cases in 21 states in 2005 and 2006. Most of the affected states were in the East and Midwest. None of the cases were fatal. The agency offers the following tips for consumers: The implicated tomatoes were traced to one packing house in Ohio that handled tomatoes from 25 fields. The production season had ended by the time the facility was implicated, so the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) waited until this year to investigate the situation. The investigation was completed in August, but the results were not included in the CDC report. Don’t buy bruised or damaged tomatoes. Refrigerate cut, peeled, or cooked tomatoes within 2 hours, or discard them. Separate cut tomatoes from raw, unwashed produce items, raw meats, and raw seafood. The article says that at least 12 multistate Salmonella outbreaks linked to tomatoes have been reported to the CDC since 1990, causing about 1,990 confirmed illness cases. Because more than 97% of Salmonella infections are not confirmed by culture, “these outbreaks might have resulted in as many as 79,600 illnesses,” the CDC states. CDC. Multistate outbreak of Salmonella infections associated with raw tomatoes eaten in restaurants—United States, 2005-2006. MMWR 2007 Sep 7;56(35):909-11 [Full text]last_img read more

first_imgHONG KONG – The last band ofanti-government protesters trapped inside a besieged Hong Kong university wereweighing a narrowing range of options early on Wednesday as police outsideappeared ready to simply wait them out. Reuters witnesses said fewer than 100protesters remained inside the Hong Kong Polytechnic University after more than1,000 were arrested since late on Monday. A protester walks inside the besieged Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) in Hong Kong, China, Nov. 20, 2019. REUTERScenter_img Some surrendered, while others werenabbed in escape attempts that included trying to clamber down ropes ontowaiting motorbikes. Some protesters resurfaced inside the campus afterunsuccessfully probing the sewers for a way out during the night. It wasunclear if any had managed to escape that way. (Reuters)last_img read more

first_imgAddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to MoreAddThisALPENA, Mich. — You’ve probably gotten familiar with Alpena Public Schools’ Superintendent John VanWagoner on our newscast and throughout the community.Now Dr. VanWagoner has a new opportunity on the horizon, after being offered a role by another district in Michigan.“I was recruited by a search consultant with the Traverse City Area Public Schools Board of Education that hired.VanWagoner has spearheaded a number of changes within the district, from advocating to keep students safe, warm and dry with this year’s bond proposal, to raising funds for athletics programs, and expanding Alpena High School’s CTE program. He says with the support of other APS educators, he takes pride in the work that’s been done to prioritize the students’ learning and well–being.“I’ve worked with a lot of people that do great work together. We’ve been able to do a lot of great things with bringing a lot of STEM-related programs into the district, bolstering robotics-what we’ve done in career and tech ed to be able to expand and re–do those facilities.”As he considers the new position in Traverse City, VanWager says he’s putting thought into what he’ll need to do to make things run smoothly if a new person does have to take over his position.“I want to make sure that as i’m transitioning, that I leave this district in a position to be very successful and that the kids have every opportunity to be successful into the future.”Dr. Vanwagoner says he’s thoroughly enjoyed his time in Alpena and has not yet made a commitment. He says he will inform community members once he makes his final decision. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to MoreAddThis Tags: Alpena Public Schools, APS, Dr. John VanWagoner, superintendent, Traverse CityContinue ReadingPrevious COVID-19 update for Thursday, May 21Next Governor Whitmer extends Stay Home, Stay Safe Executive Order to June 12last_img read more

first_imgTHE last government had radical plans which would have seen Donegal County Council being abolished, former Minister Eamon Ryan told the MacGill Summer School in Glenties yesterday.Instead all local authority powers would have been transferred to a bigger super-council made up of Connacht counties and Donegal.In all five regional authorities were planned by the Fianna Fail-Green coalition in a radical reform of local government. Mr Ryan, now Green Party leader, said the last government had been working on a package of reforms that would have seen other separate entities for the southwest, southeast, east and the Dublin regions.The direct election of a Dublin mayor was intended to be the critical “first step” in the process of change set out in a White Paper prepared by a cabinet subcommittee.The Government had shelved the mayoralty legislation but “they need to do it, if they are serious about local government reform”.REVEALED: FIANNA FAIL/GREENS PLANNED TO ABOLISH DONEGAL COUNTY COUNCIL was last modified: July 28th, 2011 by gregShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:abolishedDonegal County Councileamon ryaeamon ryanGreen Partylast_img read more